This is where you mostly use the continuous verb-adjective state tense.
You use the word "lissa" which means "yet" for this purpose
The tool "lissa" itself is a word which means still, and yet and it could be used to represent the perfect tense in English with the other tool/word "khalas"
example: I have just eaten my lunch
in Egyptian: ana lissa wakel ghadaya
ana : I
lissa = yet
wakel = eaten
ghadaya = my lunch
So, here is the rules to follow
pron + "lissa" + negation with past tense if wanted/cont verb-adjective state + noun with poss. pron
ex: ana lissa ma-kalt-sh ghadaya means: I have not yet eaten my lunch.
2nd ex: ana ma-roHt-sh lissa means: I did not go yet. (again depending on the on focus object; here, the person is on focus so he comes first and the time comes later.)
3rd ex: ana lissa meakkelo means I have just made made(m) him to eat. (refer back to the second type of the cont verb-adj state tense)
"khalas" which means Already or Finally can be used the same with "lissa"
These two words are actually tools that describe verb state.
Tuesday, July 19, 2011
Sunday, July 17, 2011
Common Vocabulary of Egyptian language
the same with questions, they come at the end unless the object refereed was the focus point.
this page includes a huge list of vocabulary
WOW! a fantastic google book that includes almost most common vocabulary used in Egyptian: http://books.google.com/books?id=7yuBXBIY4rUC&pg=PA217&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false
the conjuction word "ma" (do not confuse with negation ma-..-sh) is used to link a a time to a next verb
ex: Since I played,.. where since is the time and I played is the verb
in Egyptian, it is formed this way: men awel ma leAebt
the case with Egyptian language and Afro-Asiatic languages in general is that it has no punctuation, even spaces! were not brought to Arabic until recent times, that is why letters changes shapes according to first, middle, final position; they did not have spaces at that time!! the same with ancient Egyptian language. So when you say awel leAebt with no ma, it is like say since. I played.
So it is important to pay attention to the conjunctions to connects sentences and ideas.
While is represented in: And + Pronouns > we+pron
ex: ana ma-bastakhdem-sh el computer wana taAban
ex: ana baatbeset lama balaAab. I get glad when I play.
To command to some one, in english you just say the word.
but in Egyptian it is the same!!!!!!!! just you need to know verb formation rules
You need to know root verbs are formed to make the correct way to command verb to someone.
you will deal with the word(root) here;
- some times it means: to make ex: laAeb means command make play(used mostly)
- some times it means just the verb ex: kol means eat
- Or no changes
formation: to make > you make
e-word : m
laAeb: to play changes to e-laAeb means you play!!
The following formation is irregular and complicated, it is an ancient influence.
formation: you make> to make
a-word : m
kol: you eat changes to a-kkel means make ... eat.
Or Change Middle vowels
Fel > tayar fly(you fly)
FayaL > tayar fly(make .. by you(m))
FayaLy > tayar fly(make .. by you(f))
FayaLo > tayar fly(make .. by you(p))
Important Note: to make in Egyptian has an equivalent, but the case here is that you use the verb in different situation for commanding which is absent and not possible in English.
ex: akelo!! has no equivalent in English. The nearest trans is make him eat, which is equivelent to Egyptian khaleh yakol. khaly a command noun equials to make in in english.
khaly-eh: make him
khaly-ha: make her
khaly-hom: make them
Question words usually comes at the end.
enta beteAmel eh? What are you doing?
esmak eh? what is your name?
enta betelAb emta? when do you play
unless the word refers to an object and focuses on it.
eh da? What is this?
anhy waHda? Which one?
ezzayak? How are you?
to make this question- follow this
Past tense(with gender form. applied) +?
ex: kal-t means ate(m)?
walla is a word means nor/or and it could be used here
kalt walla laa: ate(m) or no?
See how easy it is.
You may need to include a pronoun or two
2nd pron(He(m)) +/or 1st(You(m)) +/or Past tense.
enta kalt? did you eat.
howwa kal? did he eat
howwa enta kalt? is it you ate?